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Pregnant Malays near equator are vitamin D deficient (9 in 10 have less than 20 ng) – Sept 2018

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency and its Associated Risk Factors during Early Pregnancy in a Tropical Country: A Pilot Study.

Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research. Sep2018, Vol. 12 Issue 9, p19-22. 4p. DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2018/36585.12104


Healthy pregnancies need lots of vitamin D has the following summary

0. Chance of not conceiving3.4 times Observe
1. Miscarriage 2.5 times Observe
2. Pre-eclampsia 3.6 timesRCT
3. Gestational Diabetes 3 times RCT
4. Good 2nd trimester sleep quality 3.5 times Observe
5. Premature birth 2 times RCT
6. C-section - unplanned 1.6 timesObserve
     Stillbirth - OMEGA-3 4 timesRCT - Omega-3
7. Depression AFTER pregnancy 1.4 times RCT
8. Small for Gestational Age 1.6 times meta-analysis
9. Infant height, weight, head size
     within normal limits
10. Childhood Wheezing 1.3 times RCT
11. Additional child is Autistic 4 times Intervention
12.Young adult Multiple Sclerosis 1.9 timesObserve
13. Preeclampsia in young adult 3.5 timesRCT
14. Good motor skills @ age 31.4 times Observe
15. Childhood Mite allergy 5 times RCT
16. Childhood Respiratory Tract visits 2.5 times RCT

RCT = Randomized Controlled Trial
Generally need more than 40 ng for these benefits

Pregnancy category starts with

764 items in Pregnancy category

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 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency (circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D level <50 nmol/L) is a major health problem especially among pregnant women because it can affect the health of both mother and foetus. This problem is prevalent even among pregnant women living in tropical countries despite the abundance of sunlight. Aim: This study aimed to determine vitamin D status in pregnant women at 11-16 weeks of gestation and its associated risk factors. Materials and

Methods: A pilot descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 57 pregnant women at early pregnancy at a tertiary medical centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The subjects answered physician-guided questionnaire consisting of demographic information, medical history, dietary intake. Information regarding sun protection regime was included and duration of sunlight exposure was calculated using the formula: minutes of sunlight exposure per day multiply by days of sunlight exposure per week. Skin colour was assessed by using Fitzpatrick classification. Blood of pregnant women at 11-16 weeks of gestation was collected to determine the circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D level. All results were analysed using SPSS software and results were considered significant when the p-value was <0.05.

Results: The subjects (mean age 32.88±4.52 years) were predominantly Malay (85.96%). The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among these women was 91.23%. Vitamin D status of the subjects was not associated with working status (p=1.00), dietary vitamin D intake (p=0.90), skin colour (p=0.42), attire choice (p=0.22) and duration of sun exposure (p=0.09). The total daily vitamin D dietary intake of the subjects taking supplements containing vitamin D was significantly higher than non-users (p<0.05). The other dietary sources did not influence the total dietary intake of vitamin D significantly (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is high among urban Malaysian women at early pregnancy. The associations between risk factors and vitamin D status in these women are generally not significant. Consuming supplements containing vitamin D at early pregnancy could improve the daily vitamin D intake of these vitamin D deficient women.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Thursday September 6, 2018 10:08:12 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 4)

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