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Postmenopausal women need Vitamin D, protein and exercise to prevent loss of muscle and bone – Aug 2018


Muscle and Bone Health in Postmenopausal Women: Role of Protein and Vitamin D Supplementation Combined with Exercise Training - 2018

Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1103; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081103

VitaminDWiki

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Items in both categories Seniors and Sports are listed here:

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Deborah Agostini 1,†, Sabrina Donati Zeppa 1,†, Francesco Lucertini 1, Giosuè Annibalini 1, Marco Gervasi 1, Carlo Ferri Marini 1, Giovanni Piccoli 1, Vilberto Stocchi 1, Elena Barbieri 1,2, elena.barbieri at uniurb.it and Piero Sestili 1
1 Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy
2 Interuniversity Institute of Myology (IIM), University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino 61029 (PU), Italy
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Menopause is an age-dependent physiological condition associated with a natural decline in oestrogen levels, which causes a progressive decrease of muscle mass and strength and bone density. Sarcopenia and osteoporosis often coexist in elderly people, with a prevalence of the latter in elderly women. The profound interaction between muscle and bone induces a negative resonance between the two tissues affected by these disorders worsening the quality of life in the postmenopausal period.
It has been estimated that at least 1 in 3 women over age 50 will experience osteoporotic fractures, often requiring hospitalisation and long-term care, causing a large financial burden to health insurance systems. Hormonal replacement therapy is effective in osteoporosis prevention, but concerns have been raised with regard to its safety. On the whole, the increase in life expectancy for postmenopausal women along with the need to improve their quality of life makes it necessary to develop specific and safe therapeutic strategies, alternative to hormonal replacement therapy, targeting both sarcopenia and osteoporosis progression.
This review will examine the rationale and the effects of dietary protein, vitamin D and calcium supplementation combined with a specifically-designed exercise training prescription as a strategy to counteract these postmenopausal-associated disorders.


Build senior muscle by consuming protein after resistance exercises – RCT Aug 2018

Effect of whey protein supplementation after resistance exercise on the muscle mass and physical function of healthy older women: A randomized controlled trial
Geriatr. Gerontol. Int. 2018;1–7. https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13499
Hiroyasu Mori Yasunobu Tokuda
Gait speed increased
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Knee strength increased
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Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 24‐week program of nutritional supplementation using whey protein, ingested after resistance exercise, in increasing muscle mass and physical function among community‐dwelling healthy older Japanese women.

Methods
We carried out a randomized controlled trial, with 81 healthy women, aged 65–80 years, allocated to three groups of 27 participants each: the exercise and protein supplementation group, the exercise only group, and the protein supplementation only group. A 24‐week program of resistance exercise, carried out twice per week, was combined with whey protein supplementation, containing 22.3 g of protein. The total protein intake for participants in all three experimental groups was adjusted to a level of at least 1.2 g/kg bodyweight/day, and more during the intervention period. Between‐group differences in the pre‐ to post‐intervention change in skeletal muscle mass and physical function were evaluated using an analysis of variance.

Results
The pre‐ to post‐intervention increase in the skeletal muscle mass index was significantly higher for the exercise only group than for the protein supplementation only group (P =0.008), and significantly higher for the exercise and protein supplementation group than for either the exercise only (P =0.007) or protein supplementation only (P <0.001) groups. Similarly, the increase in grip strength and gait speed was significantly greater for the exercise and protein supplementation group than for the protein supplementation only group (grip strength P =0.014, gait speed P =0.026).

Conclusions: Whey protein supplementation, ingested after resistance exercise, could be effective for the prevention of sarcopenia among healthy community‐dwelling older Japanese women.
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High intensity exercise intervals would likely produce even more senior muscle

Cannot find references, sorry

Created by admin. Last Modification: Thursday August 23, 2018 19:40:06 UTC by admin. (Version 14)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
10393 Knee protein.jpg admin 21 Aug, 2018 17:29 14.49 Kb 15
10392 Gait protein.jpg admin 21 Aug, 2018 17:28 13.24 Kb 16
10391 protein senior muscle RCT.pdf PDF 2018 admin 21 Aug, 2018 17:18 546.16 Kb 6
10364 Menopause muscle bone.jpg admin 17 Aug, 2018 00:20 60.48 Kb 30
10363 Muscle and Bone Health in Postmenopausal.pdf admin 17 Aug, 2018 00:20 566.20 Kb 12
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