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Parkinson's Disease 2.1 X more likely if low Vitamin D – Meta-analysis Nov 2018

Association Between Serum Vitamin D Levels and Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Neurol. 2018 Nov 12;9:909. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2018.00909. eCollection 2018.
Luo X1, Ou R1, Dutta R1, Tian Y1, Xiong H2, Shang H1.
1 Department of Neurology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.
2 Department of Geriatrics, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

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Risk of PD if deficient (<20 ng)


Background: Vitamin D is an important secosteroid which is involved the development and regulation of brain activity. Several studies have focused on exploring the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and Parkinson's disease (PD), but the conclusion remains ambiguous.

Methods: We searched observational studies that explored the association between serum vitamin D levels and PD based on PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane library from inception through to January 2018. The quality of included studies was evaluated by using Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Statistical analysis of this meta-analysis was performed by Stata version 12.0 and R software.

Results: Twenty studies with a total of 2,866 PD patients and 2,734 controls were included. Compared with controls, PD patients had lower serum vitamin D levels (WMD -3.96, 95%CI -5.00, -2.92), especially in higher latitude regions (WMD -4.20, 95%CI -5.66, -2.75). Assay methods contributed significantly to high heterogeneity.
Furthermore, PD patients with deficient vitamin D levels had advanced risk (OR 2.08, 95%CI 1.35, 3.19) than those patients with insufficient ones (OR = 1.73, 95%CI 1.48, 2.03).
In addition, serum vitamin D levels were also related to the severity of PD (WMD -5.27, 95%CI -8.14, -2.39) and the summary correlation coefficient showed strongly negative correlation (r = -0.55, 95%CI -0.73, -0.29).
Moreover, the pooled correlation coefficient revealed that serum vitamin D levels were also negatively correlated to the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale III (UPDRS III) (r = -0.36, 95%CI -0.53, -0.16), but did not correlate with the duration of PD (P = 0.37) and age of patients (P = 0.49).

Conclusion: Serum vitamin D levels are inversely associated with the risk and severity of PD. Our results provided an updated evidence of association between low vitamin D levels and PD and prompt the adjunctive therapeutic decisions about vitamin D replacement in PD.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday December 4, 2018 13:25:10 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 3)

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