Pediatrics. 2010 Apr;125(4):627-32. Epub 2010 Mar 22.
Perrine CG, Sharma AJ, Jefferds ME, Serdula MK, Scanlon KS.
Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce and Career Development, and Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. cgregory at cdc.gov
OBJECTIVES: In November 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) doubled the recommended daily intake of vitamin D for infants and children, from 200 IU/day (2003 recommendation) to 400 IU/day. We aimed to assess the prevalence of infants meeting the AAP recommended intake of vitamin D during their first year of life.
METHODS: Using data from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II, conducted from 2005 to 2007, we estimated the percentage of infants who met vitamin D recommendations at ages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.5, 9, and 10.5 months (n = 1952-1633).
RESULTS: The use of oral vitamin D supplements was low, regardless of whether infants were consuming breast milk or formula, ranging from 1% to 13%, varying by age. Among infants who consumed breast milk but no formula, only 5% to 13% met either recommendation.
Among mixed-fed infants, 28% to 35% met the 2003 recommendation, but only__ 9% to 14% would have met the 2008 recommendation.
Among those who consumed formula but no breast milk, 81% to 98% met the 2003 recommendation,
but only 20% to 37% would have met the 2008 recommendation.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that most US infants are not consuming adequate amounts of vitamin D according to the 2008 AAP recommendation.
Pediatricians and health care providers should encourage parents of infants who are either breastfed or consuming <1 L/day of infant formula to give their infants an oral vitamin D supplement.
CLICK HERE for PDF
- 400 IU vitamin D for breastfed - American Association of Pediatrics - Feb 2012
- Breastfed infants in Germany with 250 IU of vitamin D got to 56ng – Sept 2010
- 6400 IU vitamin D is effective during breastfeeding – Oct 2010
- 16% of exclusively breastfed infants so low on vitamin D that they had rickets – June 2010
- Only about 10 percent of breastfed infants get even the minimum recommended vitamin D – April 2010
- All items in Infant-Child
- Reminder – 400 IU is enough only when infant already had a good level of vitamin D – Nov 2012
- Many infant infections avoided with supplementation with 400 IU of vitamin D – Oct 2012
- Breastfed without vitamin D supplements – a problem for NZ infants Jan 2013
- Published vitamin D recommendations IU and ng
- Intervention of 400 IU of vitamin D raised infant blood levels 14 ng – Jan 2012
- Recommend 100 IU of vitamin D per kg of infant weight in Poland – July 2011
- 400 IU vitamin D daily was enough for most infants – Jan 2011
- Infants getting 1400 IU vitamin D WEEKLY grew better – May 2011
- A Finland study tried 2,000 IU dose for CHILDREN (10,000 children!)
They reported a significant decrease in type I diabetes decades later - NO toxicity, hypercalification, etc. etc.!
- Most European infants get vitamin D supplements, vs only 1 in 50 in US – June 2013
3649 visitors, last modified 26 Jun, 2013, URL: