Global numbers in each case
Wonder what fraction of prescription drugs are plants or derived from plants
- fewer than 16% (4,478) OF THE SPECIES USED IN PLANT-BASED MEDICINES ARE CITED IN A MEDICINAL REGULATORY PUBLICATION.
- In Europe, there is also a trend towards using traditional plant-based (‘herbal’) medicines alongside pharmaceutical drugs; in Germany, for example, it is estimated that 90% of the population use herbal medicines2.
- In China, for example, 10,000-11,250 species (c.34% of the native flora) have documented medicinal uses™™, but only 563 are cited in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia
- Product labelling is frequently misleading, with the trade name ‘ginseng’, for example, referring to 15 different species of plant, each with its own particular chemistry and therapeutic properties.
- For this year’s State of the World’s Plants, we carried out an analysis of the families of 28,187 species
- Will the next lead come from one or more of the 1,200 species used to treat malaria1231?
- 143 databases and publications cite 415,180 unique names for plant-based medicines- an average OF 15 ALTERNATIVE NAMES FOR 'EACH 'SPECIES"
- Diabetes affects an estimated 422 million adults and is a global health and economic burden 48. One study documents 656 flowering plant species used traditionally for diabetes, representing 437 genera and 111 families.
- Of 104 plants used for diabetes in seven Central American countries, 16 showed experimental evidence that could explain their traditional use50. In drug discovery, Galega officinalis (goat's rue) provided a useful compound for the design of the antidiabetic drug Metformin[49'50], while another plant used traditionally for diabetes, Stevia rebaudiana (sweetleaf), is a source of sweetener compounds used in the food industry