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Nordic Walking and 4,000 IU of vitamin D lowered cholesterol, fat, weight, and lipids (senior women) – RCT Feb 2018

Nordic Walking Training Causes a Decrease in Blood Cholesterol in Elderly Women Supplemented with Vitamin D.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2018 Feb 20;9:42. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2018.00042. eCollection 2018.
Prusik K1, Kortas J1, Prusik K1, Mieszkowski J2, Jaworska J3, Skrobot W4, Lipinski M5, Ziemann E6, Antosiewicz J7.



109 women, average age 68, 12 week Nordic Walking Training
10,000 IU Vitamin D given 3 times a week, not daily 4,000
1 hour training, 3 times a week, 60-70% of maximum heart rate
Approximately 100 beats per minute @ age 65


  1. Larger doses would have been more benefits - even for healthy participants
    Larger doses for those with fatty livers (50% of all seniors)
    Larger doses for those taking drugs which are known to decrease vitamin D levels
    Larger doses for those lacking gallbladders
  2. The vitamin D probably did not get to a useful level until 8 weeks into the trial
    They should have started the vitamin D months before the training if not use loading dose
  3. Would have found many bigger benefits if used larger dose sizes and started with loading dose
  4. Would have had more benefit at 6 months if had continued the vitamin D past 12 weeks
  5. Would have had more benefit with a given dose sizes if had
    Taken it with evening meal (30% increase due to longer time in the gut)
    Added Magnesium (30% increase)
    Used a gut-friendly form for those with digestion problems
    For details see Reasons for low response to vitamin D

Overview Seniors and Vitamin D

Items in both categories Seniors and Sports:


Lipids decreased
 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki
 Download the details of the training from VitaminDWiki

Different studies have demonstrated that regular exercise can induce changes in the lipid profile, but results remain inconclusive. Available data suggest that correction of vitamin D deficiency can improve the lipid profile. In this study, we have hypothesized that Nordic Walking training will improve lipid profile in elderly women supplemented with vitamin D.

A total of 109 elderly women (68 ± 5.12 years old) took part in the study. First group [experimental group (EG): 35 women] underwent 12 weeks of Nordic Walking (NW) training combined with vitamin D supplementation (4,000 IU/day), second group [supplementation group (SG): 48 women] was only supplemented with vitamin D (4,000 IU/day), and third group [control group (CG): 31 women] was not subject to any interventions. Blood analysis of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and 25-OH-D3 was performed at baseline and after the 12 weeks of NW training. Additionally, a battery of field tests specifically developed for older adults was used to assess the components of functional fitness. The same blood analysis was repeated for the EG 6 months after the main experiment.

After 12 weeks of NW training and vitamin D supplementation, in the EG a decrease in TC, LDL-C, and TG was observed. In the SG, no changes in the lipid profile were observed, whereas in the CG an increase in the HDL-C level was noticed. Positive physical fitness changes were only observed in the EG.

CONCLUSION: Our obtained data confirmed baseline assumption that regular exercise induces positive alternations in lipid profile in elderly women supported by supplementation of vitamin D.

PMID: 29515518 PMCID: PMC5826219 DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2018.00042

Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday November 14, 2018 09:29:14 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 18)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
9478 Heart rate age.jpg admin 10 Mar, 2018 33.10 Kb 969
9475 NW training.pdf admin 09 Mar, 2018 455.66 Kb 879
9474 NW lipid T3.jpg admin 09 Mar, 2018 53.71 Kb 675
9473 NW T1.jpg admin 09 Mar, 2018 80.92 Kb 731
9472 Nordic Walking.jpg admin 09 Mar, 2018 13.50 Kb 827
9471 Nordic walking.pdf admin 09 Mar, 2018 179.19 Kb 773