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Mutiple Sclerosis half as likely in children spending 30 to 60 minutes per day in the sun – Dec 2021


Association Between Time Spent Outdoors and Risk of Multiple Sclerosis

Neurology Dec 2021, 10.1212/WNL.0000000000013045
Prince Sebastian, View ORCID ProfileNicolas Cherbuin, View ORCID ProfileLisa F Barcellos, Shelly Roalstad, Charles Casper, Janace Hart, Gregory S Aaen, View ORCID ProfileLauren Krupp, View ORCID ProfileLeslie Benson, Mark Gorman, Meghan Candee, Tanuja Chitnis, Manu Goyal, Benjamin Greenberg, Soe Mar, Moses Rodriguez, View ORCID ProfileJennifer Rubin, Teri Schreiner, View ORCID ProfileAmy Waldman, View ORCID ProfileBianca Weinstock-Guttman, Jennifer Graves, View ORCID ProfileEmmanuelle Waubant, View ORCID ProfileRobyn Lucas, US Network of Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis Centers

Objective: This study aims to determine the contributions of sun exposure and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure to risk of paediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (MS).

Methods: Children with MS and controls recruited from multiple centres in the USA were matched on sex and age. Multivariable conditional logistic regression was used to investigate the association of time spent outdoors daily in summer, use of sun protection, and ambient summer UVR dose in the year prior to birth and the year prior to diagnosis, with MS risk, adjusting for sex, age, race, birth season, child’s skin colour, mother’s education, tobacco smoke exposure, being overweight, and Epstein-Barr virus infection.

Results: 332 children with MS (median disease duration: 7.3 months) and 534 controls were included after matching on sex and age. In a fully adjusted model, compared to spending <30 minutes outdoors daily during the most recent summer, greater time spent outdoors was associated with a marked reduction in the odds of developing MS, with evidence of dose-response

  • (30 minutes to 1 hour: adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=0.48, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 0.23-0.99, p=0.05;
  • 1-2 hours: AOR=0.19, 95%CI 0.09-0.40, p<0.001).

Higher summer ambient UVR dose was also protective for MS (AOR=0.76 per kJ/m2, 95%CI 0.62-0.94, p=0.01).

Conclusions: If this is a causal association, spending more time in the sun during summer may be strongly protective against developing paediatric MS, as well as residing in a sunnier location.


VitaminDWiki - MS and noonday sun


VitaminDWiki - MS and UV


VitaminDWiki - Overview MS and vitamin D
(MS varied with latitude before the use of Air Conditioning)

Clinical interventions have shown that Vitamin D can prevent, treat, and even cure Multiple Sclerosis, at a tiny fraction of the cost of the drugs now used to treat it, and without side effects.

Summary: lack of consensus on how much to prevent, treat, or cure MS.


VitaminDWiki - Noontime sun and D category

Noontime sun and D has 309 items

see also
No – 10 minutes per day of sun-UVB is NOT enough
Vitamin D Myths - SUN
Optimize vitamin D from the sun
Overview Suntan, melanoma and vitamin D
Overview UV and vitamin D
Avoiding the sun may be as bad as smoking a pack of cigarettes a day – July 2019
Fewer cognitive problems if more sun or Vitamin D
Which Is Worse - Avoiding Sunlight or Vitamin D Deficiency – April 2019
Have We Gotten Sunscreen Totally Wrong - Jan 2019
The Greatest Public Health Mistake of the 20th Century (sunscreen block Vitamin D) - 2017
Does Less Sun mean More Disease 5 minute video
- - - - Sunshine provides more than Vitamin D - - - -
340,000 US deaths annually due to insufficient sun (some due to low vitamin D) – July 2020
Health benefit of Sunlight is more than Vitamin D in the blood - many studies
5 Amazing Properties of Sunlight You've Never Heard About
Vitamin D and Sun conference – Germany June 2017
Embrace the Sun – benefits of the sun throughout the day and year – book June 2018


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