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Low vitamin D plus gestational diabetes resulted in increased ICU use, SGA – Oct 2016

Vitamin D Deficiency Increases the Risk of Adverse Neonatal Outcomes in Gestational Diabetes.

PLoS One. 2016 Oct 20;11(10):e0164999. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164999. eCollection 2016.
Weinert LS1, Reichelt AJ2, Schmitt LR3, Boff R1, Oppermann ML4, Camargo JL1,2, Silveiro SP1,2.

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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and vitamin D deficiency have been associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes but the consequences of both conditions simultaneously present in pregnancy have not yet been evaluated. Our objective was to study the influence of vitamin D deficiency in neonatal outcomes of pregnancies with GDM.

184 pregnant women with GDM referred to specialized prenatal monitoring were included in this cohort and had blood sampled for 25-hydroxyvitamin D measurement. Vitamin D was measured by chemiluminescence and deficiency was defined as < 20 ng/mL. Participants were followed until puerperium and adverse neonatal outcomes were evaluated.

Newborns of women with vitamin D deficiency had higher incidences of

  • hospitalization in intensive care units (ICU) (32 vs 19%, P = 0.048), of
  • hypoglycemia (any, 17.3 vs 7.1%, P = 0.039
  • requiring ICU, 15.3 vs 3.6%, P = 0.008), and were
  • more frequently small for gestational age (SGA) (17.3 vs 5.9%, P = 0.017).

After adjustment, relative risk (RR) for

  • hypoglycemia requiring ICU was 3.63 (95%CI 1.09-12.11) and for
  • SGA was 4.32 (95%CI 1.75-10.66).

The incidence of prematurity, jaundice and shoulder dystocia was no statistically different between groups.

In this cohort of pregnant women with GDM, vitamin D deficiency was associated with a major increase in the incidence of adverse neonatal outcomes such as SGA newborns and neonatal hypoglycemia.

PMID: 27764194 PMCID: PMC5072629 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164999

Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday June 7, 2017 13:01:57 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 6)

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