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Low Vitamin D screening with just 5 questions (for less than 12 ng) – June 2022

A validated screening tool correctly identifies the majority of pregnant women at high risk of vitamin D deficiency

Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2022 Jun;49:301-306. doi: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2022.03.034.
Linnea Bärebring 1, Anna Amberntsson 2, Hanna Augustin 3

Background & aim: The objective was to develop and validate a non-invasive screening tool to identify pregnant women at high risk of vitamin D deficiency.

Methods: Data from the Swedish prospective cohort GraviD, 2125 pregnant women, were randomly split in halves; one for developing the screening tool, and one for validation. Risk factors of vitamin D deficiency (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D < 30 nmol/L) were identified using logistic regression analyses and odds ratios were translated into scores. Cutt offs to indicate high risk of vitamin D deficiency were evaluated by receiver operator characteristics.

Results: Five variables (

  • season,
  • clothing,
  • eye color (was better than skin color)
  • fortified milk intake and
  • vitamin D supplement use)

were included in the screening tool. The possible total score was 0-42. Mean (95% CI) area under the curve for classification of vitamin D deficiency was 0.921 (0.893-0.948) (p < 0.001). A score of ≥15 points had 92% sensitivity and 76% specificity to identify women with 25OHD <30 nmol/L. This cut off had a positive predictive value of 31% and a negative predictive value of 99%.

Conclusion: This short non-invasive screening tool is valid as it correctly identified the majority of the vitamin D deficient pregnant women, who may benefit from further investigation for definite diagnosis and subsequent treatment.
 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Only 1% of the time did the screening tool fail to identify a woman having <12 ng

VitaminDWiki - Predict Vitamin D category contains

It is very difficult to predict the response to supplementation of Vitamin D, or additional sun/UV
There are a huge number of factors involved.
This page also has studies predicting deficiency without Vitamin D tests

Examples of 80 studies that Predict Vitamin D levels

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Saturday May 28, 2022 18:07:35 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 5)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
17682 5 question.jpg admin 28 May, 2022 60.91 Kb 254
17681 Vit D prediction - pregnancy.pdf admin 28 May, 2022 413.01 Kb 153