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Kidney transplant patients advised to avoid the sun, then 90% have very low vitamin D levels – Sept 2012

Preserved circannual rhythm of vitamin D in kidney transplant patients.

Swiss Med Wkly. 2012 Sep 4;142:w13672. doi: 10.4414/smw.2012.13672.
Burkhalter F, Schaub S, Dickenmann M.
Clinic for Transplantation Immunology and Nephrology, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland. fburkhalter at uhbs.ch

BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency has been found in the general population, in patients with chronic kidney disease and in kidney transplant patients. During winter there is a higher prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency due to the lack of solar ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure. Kidney transplant patients are advised to avoid sun exposure because of their high risk of skin cancer. This is considered to be one of the main reasons for the very high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in these patients. Whether circannual rhythm of vitamin D is totally reversed in kidney transplant patients is not known.

METHODS: In this single centre prospective observational study, 50 kidney transplant patients visiting our outpatient clinic in January and February 2011 were included. Serum concentration of 25-hydroxvitamin D (25[OH]D), 1-25-hydroxvitamin D (1-25[OH]D) and intact parathormone (iPTH) were measured at study entry and 6 months later in summer.

RESULTS: A total of 90% (45/50) of the study population had vitamin D deficiency 25(OH)D (<50 nmol/l) during winter. There was a rise of 25(OH)D in 94% (47/50) of patients from winter to summer (p <0.0001) leading to a decline of 25(OH)D deficiency from 90 to 60%, to a rise of 25(OH)D insufficiency from 6 to 26% and normal 25(OH)D from 4 to 14%, respectively (p = 0.0024).

CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D insufficiency during winter is very common in kidney transplant patients at our centre. Despite avoidance of exposure to UVB there is a preserved circannual rhythm of vitamin D in kidney transplant patients.

PMID: 22949267


Amazing how much vitamin D they get in the summer while avoiding the sun



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1946 Avoid F2.jpg admin 15 Jan, 2013 13:40 16.04 Kb 897
1945 Avoid F1.jpg admin 15 Jan, 2013 13:39 24.82 Kb 849
1944 Kidney transplant avoid the sun - Sept 2012.pdf PDF admin 15 Jan, 2013 13:39 563.02 Kb 720
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