Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2010 Nov 27.
van den Bergh JP, Bours SP, van Geel TA, Geusens PP.
Department of Internal Medicine, VieCuri Medical Centre Noord-Limburg, P.O. Box 1926, 5900 BX, Venlo, The Netherlands, jvdbergh at hetnet.nl.
Inadequate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations are associated with muscle weakness, decreased physical performance, and increased propensity in falls and fractures. This paper discusses several aspects with regard to vitamin D status and supplementation when treating patients with osteoporosis in relation to risks and prevention of falls and fractures. Based on evidence from literature, adequate supplementation with at least 700 IU of vitamin D, preferably cholecalciferol, is required for improving physical function and prevention of falls and fractures. Additional calcium supplementation may be considered when dietary calcium intake is below 700 mg/day. For optimal bone mineral density response in patients treated with antiresorptive or anabolic therapy, adequate vitamin D and calcium supplementation is also necessary. Monitoring of 25(OH)D levels during follow-up and adjustment of vitamin D supplementation should be considered to reach and maintain adequate serum 25(OH)D levels of at least 50 nmol/L, preferably greater than 75 nmol/L in all patients. PMID: 21113692
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