Estimated Residential Exposure to Agricultural Chemicals and Premature Mortality by Parkinson’s Disease in WA. State
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2885; doi:10.3390/ijerph15122885
Mariah Caballero , Solmaz Amiri 2, Justin T. Denney 3, Pablo Monsivais 2, Perry Hystad 4 and Ofer Amram 2,5,*
PD death before age 75 if within 1,000 meters of crop using Roundup
- Glyphosate category listing has
26 items along with related searches
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- ((Huge increases in health problems – risk factors include Vitamin D, Antibiotics, and Roundup((
- Some cereals have 12X more Glyphosate than Vitamin D - Oct 2018
- GLYPHOSATE BINDS VITAL NUTRIENTS 2010?
"Glyphosate binds (chelates) vital nutrients such as iron, manganese, zinc, and boron in the soil, preventing plants from taking them up"
"Due to its strong metal chelating properties, glyphosate was initially used as a descaling agent to clean out calcium and other mineral deposits in pipes and boilers of residential and commercial hot water systems."
Increased rate of dying early with PD for the entire state of Washington is associated with increased use of Roundup
Unsure: 18 of 22 PD died bfore age 75?
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between estimated residential exposure to agricultural chemical application and premature mortality from Parkinson’s disease (PD) in Washington State. Washington State mortality records for 2011–2015 were geocoded using residential addresses, and classified as having exposure to agricultural land-use within 1000 meters. Generalized linear models were used to explore the association between land-use associated with agricultural chemical application and premature mortality from PD.
Individuals exposed to land-use associated with glyphosate had 33% higher odds of premature mortality than those that were not exposed (Odds Ratio (OR) = 1.33, 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) = 1.06–1.67). Exposure to cropland associated with all pesticide application (OR = 1.19, 95% CI = 0.98–1.44) or Paraquat application (OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 0.99–1.51) was not significantly associated with premature mortality from PD, but the effect size was in the hypothesized direction. No significant associations were observed between exposure to Atrazine (OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 0.84–1.74) or Diazinon (OR = 1.07, 95% CI = 0.85–1.34), and premature mortality from PD. The relationship between pesticide exposure and premature mortality aligns with previous biological, toxicological, and epidemiological findings. Glyphosate, the world’s most heavily applied herbicide, and an active ingredient in Roundup® and Paraquat, a toxic herbicide, has shown to be associated with the odds of premature mortality from PD.
"PD rates in Washington State are among the highest in the nation, and are 14 percent greater than the national average"
Suspect it would be even higher if just consider the less populated Eastern Washington - which has the Roundup
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