Vitamin D is associated with cardiopulmonary exercise capacity: results of two independent cohorts of healthy adults.
Br J Nutr. 2015 Dec 1:1-9. [Epub ahead of print]
Kaul A1, Gläser S2, Hannemann A1, Schäper C2, Nauck M1, Felix SB2, Bollmann T2, Ewert R2, Friedrich N1 nele.friedrich at uni-greifswald.de
1 Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine,University Medicine Greifswald,D-17475 Greifswald,Germany.
2 Department of Internal Medicine B - Cardiology,Intensive Care,Pulmonary Medicine and Infectious Diseases,University Medicine Greifswald,D-17475 Greifswald,Germany.
Image from Vitamin D Counil discusion of the paper
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Vitamin D has an important role in calcium homeostasis and is known to have various health-promoting effects. Moreover, potential interactions between vitamin D and physical activity have been suggested. This study aims to investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and exercise capacity quantified by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). For this, 1377 participants from the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-1) and 750 participants from the independent SHIP-TREND cohort were investigated. Standardised incremental exercise tests on a cycle ergometer were performed to assess exercise capacity by
- VO2 at anaerobic threshold,
- peak VO2,
- O2 pulse and peak power output.
Serum 25(OH)D levels were measured by an automated chemiluminescence immunoassay. In SHIP-1, 25(OH)D levels were positively associated with all considered parameters of cardiopulmonary exercise capacity. Subjects with high 25(OH)D levels (4th quartile) showed an up to 25 % higher exercise capacity compared with subjects with low 25(OH)D levels (1st quartile). All associations were replicated in the independent SHIP-TREND cohort and were independent of age, sex, season and other interfering factors. In conclusion, significant positive associations between 25(OH)D and parameters of CPET were detected in two large cohorts of healthy adults.
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- Higher Cardiovascular fitness (VO2) if higher Vitamin D – Oct 2018
- Vitamin D supplementation improves muscle strength in healthy adults – meta-analysis of 6 RCT Aug 2014
- Oxygen uptake associated with higher vitamin D – up to 50 hours per week – Apr 2011
- Overview Cardiovascular and vitamin D
- Professional soccer players with more vitamin D had better body parameters – 2014
Overview Sports and vitamin D has the following summary
Athletes are helped by vitamin D by:
- Faster reaction time
- Far fewer colds/flus during the winter
- Less sore/tired after a workout
- Fewer micro-cracks and broken bones
- Bones which do break heal much more quickly
- Increased VO2 and exercise endurance Feb 2011
- Indoor athletes especially need vitamin D
- Professional indoor athletes are starting to supplement with vitamin D or use vitamin D beds
- Olympic athletes have used UV/vitamin D since the 1930's
- The biggest gain from the use of vitamin D is by those who exercise less than 2 hours per day.
- Reduced muscle fatigue with 10,000 IU vitamin D daily
- Muscle strength improved when vitamin D added: 3 Meta-analysis
- Reduced Concussions
See also: Sports and Vitamin D category
- Athletes helped by weekly 50,000 IU Vitamin D – RCT Aug 2019
- Exercise plus vitamin D increases elderly muscles (Nordic walking in this case) – RCT Sept 2018
- Taekwondo athletes helped by just 1 month of Vitamin D (longer would be better) - RCT May 2018
- Nordic Walking and 4,000 IU of vitamin D lowered cholesterol, fat, weight, and lipids (senior women) – RCT Feb 2018
- Elite Athletes do well with weekly 35,000 IU of Vitamin D – RCT Feb 2017
- 2000 IU of vitamin D for just 2 weeks helped in many ways – RCT June 2016
- Muscle strength of Judo athletes increased 13 percent following single dose of 150,000 IU vitamin D – RCT Nov 2015
- Athletic performance and recovery benefits of Vitamin D (4000-5000 IU and Vitamin K) – Aug 2015
- Improved muscle function in postmenopausal women with just 1,000 IU of vitamin D daily – RCT May 2015
- People with old burns improved muscle strength with 2200 IU average vitamin D – RCT Sept 2014
- Fewer injuries and higher ballet jumps with 2,000 IU of vitamin D – April 2013
- Collegiate Swimmers getting 4000 IU of vitamin D had fewer injuries – March 2013
- Muscle fatigue reduced with 10,000 IU of vitamin D – March 2013
- Muscle strength in youth increased with 60,000 IU vitamin D per week and 1 g Calcium – April 2010