Table of contents
- Each SARS-CoV-2 reinfection causes more severe disease - June 20, 2022
- Each COVID-19 Reinfection Increases Health Risks - July 7, 2022
- COVID Reinfection Outcomes Are Not Good (Preprint Study) - 29 minute video July 5, 2022
- VitaminDWiki -
19 studies in both categories Virus and Seniors
Based on records from US Veterans Affairs - the 38,926 (seniors?) who had reported 2 infections
Note: Does not include those who had so mild of a 2nd infection that they did not bother to report it.
Risk and burden of sequelae in people with SARS-CoV-2 reinfection vs one infection. Risk and 6-month excess burden of all-cause mortality, hospitalization, at least one sequela, and sequelae by organ system are plotted. Incident outcomes were assessed from reinfection to end of follow-up. Results are in comparison of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection (n=38,926) to first SARS-CoV-2 infection (n=257,427). Adjusted hazard ratios (dots) and 95% confidence intervals (error bars) are presented, as are estimated excess burden (bars) and 95% confidence intervals (error bars). Burdens are presented per 1000 persons at 6 months of follow-up from time of reinfection.
Risk and burden of sequelae in people with SARS-CoV-2 reinfection vs one infection by vaccination status prior to second infection. Risk of all-cause mortality, hospitalization, at least one sequela, and sequelae by organ system are plotted. Incident outcomes were assessed from reinfection to end of follow-up. Results are in comparison of SARS-CoV-2 reinfection (n=38,926) to first SARS-CoV-2 infection (n=257,427). At time of comparison, there were 69.49%, 9.09%, and 21.42% with no, one, and two or more vaccinations, respectively, among those with reinfection. At time of comparison, there were 59.86%, 9.18%, and 30.96% with no, one, and two or more vaccinations, respectively, among the first reinfection group. Adjusted hazard ratios (dots) and 95% confidence intervals (error bars) are presented.
"...those with repeat SARS-CoV-2 infection exhibited an increased risk of fatigue (HR=2.02)."
A reader's comment
Keep in mind that a second SARS-CoV infection was ASSOCIATED with an increase in "all-cause mortality, hospitalization, and least one sequelae...". However, it doesn't mean that the second infection "caused" that increase. It may simply be that individuals who are already less healthy (and thus more likely to have bad outcomes from any disease) are also more likely to get a second SARS-CoV infection.
Note: military start off much healthier than the general public
- "Of the 17-24 year old men who wanted to join the US Army, 75% were disqualified due to underlying health issues, the number one reason being… they were obese"
- "Of the remaining 25% that did qualify… 60% could not pass the Physical Training test applied to all candidates on day 1 of basic training"
- Assuming that 10% never even applied because they knew they were not healthy enough, it appears that the military are healthier than ~90% of the general public.
""Obviously these findings are worrisome since reinfection was quite rare before the Omicron wave hit, at 1% or less through the Delta variant wave. But now reinfections have become much more common," he (Topol) says."
"It makes sense, and let me explain why,” Mokdad says. “When you have somebody who got COVID-19 the first time and was impacted by it, maybe someone who was older or who had a chronic condition, the next hit would also cause more damage."
1195 comments as of July 10, 2022
19 studies in both categories Virus and Seniors
This list is automatically updated
- Increased risk of many neuro problems after COVID (1.4 X youths, 1.2X seniors) – Aug 2022
- Each COVID reinfection causes more severe disease in miltary veterans (independant of vaccination) - July 2022
- Long-Haul more prevalent among seniors - June - 2022
- COVID in seniors 5X less likely to be severe if vegetarian (small study) – April 2022
- 2.9 X less risk of COVID ICU if seniors had supplemented with Vitamin D (any amount) – April 2022
- COVID Hospitalization vs age and variant - Dec 10, 2021
- Younger are much less likely to die of COVID than elderly (posters) - Nov 2021
- Only 35,000 died in US of COVID who previously had been healthy
- Nursing home vaccinated against Influenza, 800 IU of vitamin D daily cut infection rate in half – small RCT Oct 2021
- Half of COVID-19 death rate differences explained by rates of elderly influenza vaccination and low vitamin D – April 2021
- Vaccine response improved by Vitamin D (Shingles in this case) – Jan 2021
- Elderly nutrition and COVID-19 – systematic review July 2021
- Magnesium in Infectious Diseases in Older People - Jan 2021
- Vitamin D supplementation and high levels reduce COVID-19 deaths in elderly – Review April 17, 2021
- 600,000 IU of Vitamin D (total) allowed previously weak immune systems to fight off a virus antigen - Nov 2020
- 9X COVID-19 survival in nursing home if had 80,000 IU dose of vitamin D in previous month – Oct 2020
- Nursing homes could reduce risk of COVID-19 with Vitamin D – June 30, 2020
- Meningitis and other brain infections should be prevented by Vitamin D – June 2014
- Influenza, seniors and vitamin D – Jan 2012
Each COVID reinfection causes more severe disease in miltary veterans (independant of vaccination) - July 2022
145 visitors, last modified 13 Jul, 2022,This page is in the following categories (# of items in each category)Seniors 384 Virus 1106