J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2018 Aug 1. pii: S1525-8610(18)30326-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2018.06.006.
Items in both categories Seniors and Sports are listed here:
- Muscle loss (sarcopenia) may be both prevented and treated by Omega-3 – Feb 2019
- Exercise plus vitamin D increases elderly muscles (Nordic walking in this case) – RCT Sept 2018
- Dietary Protein, Muscle and Physical Function in the Very Old – July 2018
- Postmenopausal women need Vitamin D, protein and exercise to prevent loss of muscle and bone – Aug 2018
- Hypothesis: Sarcopenia needs Protein, Leucine, Omega-3, Vitamin D, and exercise – Aug 2018
- Disability was 1.9 X more likely if weak muscles and low vitamin D two years before – Aug 2018
- Muscle problems are both treated and avoided by Vitamin D – April 2018
- Sarcopenia does not officially exist in Australia, but 1 in 3 of their seniors have it - July 2018
- Nordic Walking and 4,000 IU of vitamin D lowered cholesterol, fat, weight, and lipids (senior women) – RCT Feb 2018
- Overweight senior women with low vitamin D were 12X more likely to be weak – Feb 2018
- Seniors gained 0.3 kg of muscle in 6 weeks with 800 IU and Leucine protein – Aug 2017
- Resistance exercise combined with Vitamin D is great for seniors – meta-analysis July 2017
- Fast twitch muscles increased by Vitamin D in athletes and seniors (reduce falling) – Oct 2016
- Sarcopenia: Nutrition and physical activity – systematic review – Jan 2017
- More fast twitch muscles (IIA) are associated with higher levels of Vitamin D – Feb 2017
- Muscle strength of senior women increased 25 percent with vitamin D, decreased 6 percent with placebo – Oct 2016
- Improved muscle function in postmenopausal women with just 1,000 IU of vitamin D daily – RCT May 2015
- Vitamin D supplementation help muscles of seniors who are vitamin D deficient – meta-analysis July 2014
- Elderly lower limb muscle strength improved with Vitamin D supplementation - Meta-analysis Oct 2013
- Low Vitamin D breaks down muscle by interferring with protein - Editorial Nov 2013
- Physical performance of seniors increases with vitamin D up to 30 ng – Jan 2013
- Activity and being outdoors helps seniors – GPS and Vitamin D Dec 2012
- Type 2 muscles, not all muscles, get benefit from Vitamin D - Dec 2012
- Sarcopenia (muscle loss) and Vitamin D
- Senior women more physically able if vitamin D higher than 30 ng – Sept 2011
- Seniors with more than 20 ng of vitamin D were 14 percent stronger – May 2011
- Vitamin D2 intervention increased elderly muscle strength – Nov 2010
- Vitamin D improves muscle strength if deficient – meta-analysis - Oct 2010
Borim FSA1, Alexandre TDS2, Neri AL3, Máximo RO4, Silva MF3, de Oliveira C5.
1 Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil. flarbex at hotmail.com.
2 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom; Dept of Gerontology, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, Brazil.
3 Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
4 Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, Brazil.
5 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:
There is little epidemiologic evidence considering the combined effect of dynapenia and low 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25 (OH) D] on incident disability. Our aim was to investigate whether the combination of dynapenia and low 25 (OH) D serum levels increases the risk of activities of daily living (ADL) incident disability.
DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.
SETTINGS: English Longitudinal Study of Aging.
PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4630 community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and older without ADL disability at baseline.
The baseline sample was categorized into 4 groups (ie, nondynapenic/normal 25 (OH) D, low 25 (OH) D only, dynapenic only, and dynapenic/low 25 (OH) D according to their handgrip strength (<26 kg for men and <16 kg for women) and 25 (OH) D (≤50 nmol/L). The outcome was the presence of any ADL disability 2 years after baseline according to the modified Katz Index. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) adjusted by sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics were estimated using Poisson regression.
The fully adjusted model showed that older adults with dynapenia only and those with lower serum levels of 25 (OH) D combined with dynapenia had higher incident ADL disability risk compared with nondynapenic and those with normal serum levels of 25 (OH) D. The IRRs for lower 25 (OH) D serum levels combined with dynapenia were higher than for dynapenia only, however, the confidence intervals (CIs) showed similar effect for these 2 groups. The IRRs were 1.31 for low 25(OH) D only (95% CI 0.99-1.74), 1.77 for dynapenia only (95% CI 1.08-2.88), and 1.94 for combined dynapenia and low 25(OH)D (95% CI 1.28-2.94).
Dynapenia only and dynapenia combined with low 25 (OH) D serum levels were important risk factors for ADL disability in middle-aged individuals and older adults in 2 years of follow-up.
PMID: 30077597 DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2018.06.006