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Depression and low Vitamin D – review 2014

Does Vitamin D Play a Role in Depression? A Review of Clinical, Epidemiological and Biological Studies

Current Nutrition & Food Science, VOLUME: 10. ISSUE: 1, Pages 16-28 (13) DOI: 10.2174/15734013113096660010 -
Goran Hogberg, Per Bech, Tore Hallstrom and Maria Petersson
BUP Huddinge, Paradistorg 4, 141 46 Huddinge, Sweden.

There is a growing interest in the possible associations between vitamin D and depression. In this mini-review we present diagnostic criteria of different depression scales, with special focus on somatic complaints, possible links between depression and vitamin D and an overview of studies on vitamin D levels / vitamin D supplementation in depressed patients. We observed that complaints of a somatic character, potentially linked to vitamin D deficiency, are important parts of the diagnostic assessment in depression.
Depressed patients often had low levels of vitamin D, and seven out of nine large (n>1000) observational studies showed an association between vitamin D levels and depression.
Five studies of vitamin D supplementation in depressed patients with vitamin D deficiency showed significant reductions in depressive symptoms post-supplementation.
However, only two of these studies were randomized controlled trials, and one of them had only 15 subjects.
We recommend that depressed patients should generally be screened for vitamin D deficiency. Aside an increased risk of impaired bone health, individual patients may have symptoms of depression related to potentially deficient vitamin D levels. However, further randomized controlled studies of the effects of vitamin D supplementation in depressed patients are needed.

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ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
4628 Depression.pdf PDF 2014 admin 24 Nov, 2014 15:00 272.55 Kb 688