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Chronic Pain reported 38 percent less often if supplemented with Vitamin D – meta-analysis Sept 2016

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Pain Physician. 2016 Sep-Oct;19(7):415-427.
Wu Z1, Malihi Z1, Stewart AW1, Lawes CM1, Scragg R1.
1University of Auckland Epidemiology and Biostatistics New Zealand.

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BACKGROUND:
There is conflicting evidence from previous qualitative reviews on the effect of vitamin D supplementation on pain.
OBJECTIVE:
To determine with quantitative methods if vitamin D supplementation lowers pain levels.
STUDY DESIGN:
Quantitative meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
SETTING:
This meta-analysis examined all studies involving the effect of vitamin D supplementation on pain score.
METHOD:
Electronic sources (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, clinical trials website, and Google scholar) were systematically searched for RCTs of vitamin D supplementation and pain from inception of each database to October 2015.
RESULTS:
Nineteen RCTs with 3,436 participants (1,780 on vitamin D supplementation and 1,656 on placebo) were included in the meta-analysis. For the primary outcome (mean change in pain score from baseline to final follow-up), 8 trials with 1,222 participants on vitamin D and 1,235 on placebo reported a significantly greater mean decrease in pain score for the vitamin D group compared to placebo (mean difference -0.57, 95% CI: -1.00 to -0.15, P = 0.007).
The effect from vitamin D was greater in patients recruited with pre-existing pain (P-value for interaction = 0.03).
Fourteen studies (1,548 on vitamin D, 1,430 on placebo) reported the mean pain score at final follow-up outcome, and no statistical difference was observed (mean difference -0.06, 95%CI: -0.44 to 0.33, P = 0.78).
In 4 studies which reported pain improvement (209 on vitamin D, 146 on placebo), the effect size although not significant, shows participants in the vitamin D supplementation group were more likely to report pain improvement compared with the placebo group (relative risk 1.38, 95%CI: 0.93 to 2.05, P = 0.11).

LIMITATIONS:
Only a few studies reported the mean score change from baseline to final follow-up, and we do not have enough data to determine any modifying effect of baseline vitamin D status and different doses of vitamin D supplementation on pain.

CONCLUSION:
A significantly greater mean decrease in pain score (primary outcome) was observed with vitamin D supplementation compared with placebo in people with chronic pain. These results suggest that vitamin D supplementation could have a role in the management of chronic pain.

PMID: 27676659

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
7124 Pain 1.jpg admin 01 Oct, 2016 17:06 175.57 Kb 985
7123 Pain continued.jpg admin 01 Oct, 2016 16:59 106.15 Kb 797
7122 Pain meta-analysis.jpg admin 01 Oct, 2016 16:51 168.33 Kb 541
7113 Pain Meta.pdf PDF 2016 admin 28 Sep, 2016 15:56 919.85 Kb 705
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