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Children in Mongolia helped by 800 IU of Vitamin D (need a lot more) – RCT Oct 2019

Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation and Seasonality on Circulating Cytokines in Adolescents: Analysis of Data From a Feasibility Trial in Mongolia

Front. Nutr., 23 October 2019 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2019.00166
Sergey Yegorov1,2*, Sabri Bromage3, Ninjin Boldbaatar4 and Davaasambuu Ganmaa3,5
1Department of Pedagogical Mathematics and Natural Science, Faculty of Education and Humanities, Suleyman Demirel University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
2Department of Biology, School of Science and Humanities, Nazarbayev University, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan
3Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States
4Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States
5Channing Division Network of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States

Infant-Child category has 823 items and starts with

Having a good level of vitamin D cuts in half the amount of:

Need even more IUs of vitamin D to get a good level if;

  • Have little vitamin D: premie, twin, mother did not get much sun access
  • Get little vitamin D: dark skin, little access to sun
  • Vitamin D is consumed faster than normal due to sickness
  • Older (need at least 100 IU/kilogram, far more if obese)
  • Not get any vitamin D from formula (breast fed) or (fortified) milk
    Note – formula does not even provide 400 IU of vitamin D daily

Infants-Children need Vitamin D

  • Sun is great – well known for 1,000’s of years.
    US govt (1934) even said infants should be out in the sun
  • One country recommended 2,000 IU daily for decades – with no known problems
  • As with adults, infants and children can have loading doses and rarely need tests
  • Daily dose appears to be best, but monthly seems OK
  • Vitamin D is typically given to infants in the form of drops
       big difference in taste between brands
       can also use water-soluable form of vitamin D in milk, food, juice,
  • Infants have evolved to get a big boost of vitamin D immediately after birth
    Colostrum has 3X more vitamin D than breast milk - provided the mother has any vitamin D to spare
  • 100 IU per kg of infant July 2011, Poland etc.
    1000 IU per 25 lbs.jpg
    More than 100 IU/kg is probably better

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

800 IU daiiy did not even achieve 20 ng level of Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in human populations and has been linked to immune dysfunction. Here we explored the effects of cholecalciferol supplementation on circulating cytokines in severely vitamin D deficient [blood 25(OH)D << 30 nmol/L] adolescents aged 12–15 from Mongolia. The study included 28 children receiving 800 IU daily cholecalciferol for 6 months spanning winter and spring, and 30 children receiving placebo during the same period. The levels of 25(OH)D were assessed at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Twenty-one cytokines were measured in serum at baseline and at 6 months. Changes in 25(OH)D and cytokines were assessed using paired parametric tests. The median blood 25(OH)D concentration at baseline was 13.7 nmol/L (IQR = 10.0–21.7). Supplementation tripled blood 25(OH)D levels (p < 0.001) and was associated with elevated interleukin (IL)-6 (p = 0.043). The placebo group had reduced macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α (p = 0.007) and IL-8 (p = 0.034) at 6 months. Although limited by a small sample size, these findings suggest that cholecalciferol supplementation and seasonality may impact systemic immunity in adolescents, identifying chemokines as potentially important biomarkers of vitamin D status in this Northeast Asian population. Larger clinical trials are warranted to validate these results.

Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrial.org, Identifier: NCT01244204.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday August 5, 2020 11:11:45 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 6)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
12841 800 IU Mongolia.jpg admin 23 Oct, 2019 37.30 Kb 514
12840 Mongolia 800 IU.pdf admin 23 Oct, 2019 465.03 Kb 508