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COVID natural Immunity is most likely better than vaccination immunity- literature review by Masterjohn - Oct 2021


Natural Immunity Vs. Vaccination

Original on the web
Disclaimer: I am not a medical doctor and this is not medical advice. My goal is to empower you with information. I will not take a position on whether you should or should not get vaccinated. Please make this decision yourself, consulting sources you trust, including a caring health care professional. 

What provides better protection against COVID, natural immunity, or vaccination?

When asking this question, we should step back and ask why we are asking it.

I am not posing the question to ask whether we should go out and deliberately contract COVID. I believe, instead, we should protect ourselves from COVID.

The main reason we ask this question is because we want to know whether people who have already gotten COVID need to get vaccinated in order to obtain a similar level of immunity obtained by people who have gotten vaccinated but have never gotten infected. Stepping further back, there are two reasons we could be asking this:

  1. If I've had COVID, can I make myself more immune than I already am by getting vaccinated?
  2. If we assume that anyone who gets infected can spread COVID, do we need to force everyone who has had COVID already to get vaccinated so they can enter a public place, keep their job, or otherwise participate in society, to stop them from spreading it?

If we are asking this question for the first reason, then we want high-quality, well-controlled, cause-and-effect data. We want to have a strong idea of what the vaccine would do within us to boost our own immunity if we take it. We are after the biological fact of what it is doing.

If we are asking this question for the second reason, as in evaluating the rationale for vaccine mandates, we do not want highly controlled data. We want fully confounded data. We want to know if we take random people off the street, are those who have had COVID but haven't gotten vaccinated any more or less dangerous to be around than those who haven't had COVID but have gotten vaccinated? The bouncer at the restaurant isn't going to use some sophisticated statistical analysis and has no need to understand biology. The bouncer is trying to filter out the safe people from the dangerous people.

Let's try to tackle this from both perspectives.

How I Selected the Data

I searched pubmed, biorxiv, medrxiv, and SSRN for peer-reviewed papers and preprints* that compared the infection risk of unvaccinated people who have had COVID to vaccinated people who haven't had COVID. I excluded studies that looked just at antibodies, T cells, or other markers of immunity. Since none of these have been validated as predictors of infection risk across the populations we are concerned with (everyone who has or hasn't had COVID and everyone who has or hasn't been vaccinated), these can only help us explain what we observe in infection risk, or help us hypothesize something about infection risk. They don't actually tell us the infection risk. So I focused exlcusively on studies that tell us the difference in infection risk, and I found nine of them.

The Clinical Trials (Pre-Delta)

Although randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard of cause-and-effect evidence, for our question even the RCTs are just observational studies. This is because the vaccine trials randomized vaccination, but didn't randomize previous COVID infection.

The two trials that reported infection risk for vaccination and previous infection separately were the Pfizer trial and the Astrazeneca trials. Both of them were done before the delta variant took hold, and both of them appear to have defined previous infection based simply on a baseline blood sample that tested positive for nucleocapsid antibodies. These are antibodies that you make to natural infection, but not to vaccination. In both cases, people only got PCR tests if they had COVID symptoms. So we can't separate out getting infected from becoming a symptomatic case.

In both cases, we have no idea how long before the trial the previous infections were. We just know that previously infected people were infected at some point during the pandemic. Many of the natural infections could have been 9-12 months old by the time people experienced subsequent infections. We also don't know how many of the natural infections were even strong enough for the people to notice they had them. We just know they tested positive for antibodies. In other words, these people may never have been sick.

In the Astrazeneca trials, where people were followed for an average of 3.4 months, the unvaccinated, never-infected placebo participants had a 1.7% risk of developing symptomatic COVID, while the risk was 0.8% in unvaccinated people with previous infection, and was 0.5% in those who were never infected but got vaccinated.

In the Pfizer trial, where a slight majority of people were followed for 4-6 months and most of the others were followed for less, the never-infected placebo participants had a 4.7% chance of becoming a symptomatic COVID case, the naturally infected had a 1.3% chance, and the never-infected vaccinated had a 0.5% chance. Those who had both natural infection and vaccination had a 0.4% chance.

These studies were not done to compare the relative effects of natural infection and vaccination. They were just done to test the effect of vaccination. Those who had evidence of previous infection were tracked primarily to exclude them from the main analysis. As such, they didn't perform stats on the protective effect of natural infection. The Pfizer trial did, however, do stats on the effect of vaccination within people who had evidence of natural infection, and it wasn't statistically significant.

Nevertheless, in these trials run by the vaccine manufacturers themselves, done prior to the delta variant taking hold, using nothing more than a blood test for antibodies as evidence of natural infection, where natural infections could have been 9-12 months old, natural immunity looks 53-72% effective at protecting against becoming a symptomatic COVID case, and being vaccinated on average 3-4 months ago looks 70-90% effective.

Pre-Delta Observational Studies

A number of observational studies were done prior to the delta variant taking hold:

  • Among staff in publicly funded hospitals within the UK when the alpha variant was dominant, the rollout of the Pfizer vaccine was studied for two months. Everyone got PCR tests every two weeks and previous infection status was taken from medical records based on a previous PCR or antibody test. The age of the natural immunity was unknown or unreported, but  the vaccinations were only up to two months old. For every 100,000 person-days,  the chance of a positive test was 20 with no immunity, 5 with Pfizer, 3 with natural immunity, and 2 with hybrid immunity (Pfizer and natural).  This suggests that a very recent Pfizer vaccine is 75% effective, an older case of natural immunity is 85% effective, and combining the two adds a little extra boost — at least over a two-month period.
  • In long-term care facilities in the UK during the alpha variant, where everyone was over 65 and the median age was 86, the rollout of Pfizer and Astrazeneca was observed over 3 months. People got tested every month, and were also tested if they got sick or if there was an outbreak. A positive PCR or antibody test was used to define natural infections. The age of the natural infections were unknown or unreported, but the vaccinations were no more than 3 months old. The vaccines reduced the risk of testing positive by 64%, while natural immunity reduced the risk by 88%. Adding a vaccine to natural immunity had no benefit, not even a trend toward a benefit. In this population, older natural immunity was almost 40% more effective than more recent vaccination.

  • In long-term care facilities within Spain, where everyone was over 65 and the mean age was 86, the rollout of Pfizer and Moderna (almost entirely, 99.8%, Pfizer) was studied over 2.5 months. Testing was done whenever anyone had symptoms, was considered at risk of exposure, or was new to the facility. In this study they wanted to separate the effect of natural immunity from the indirect effect of widespread vaccination, so they compared two different time periods: the protective effect of natural infection in mostly 2020 was compared to the protective effect of vaccination in 2021. The natural infections were on average 6 months old, while the vaccinations were only up to 2.5 months old. Per 100,000 person-days, the risk without immunity was 12.8, with vaccination was 5.4, and with natural immunity was 1.8. Combining vaccination and natural immunity brought this down to 1.13. While this shows a slight boost of the combination, the natural immunity alone is three times better than the vaccine.

  • In a preprint* covering the four-month rollout of Pfizer and Astrazeneca among the staff of a cancer center in Milan, Italy, the protective effect of the vaccine over the rollout was compared to the protective effect of natural infection over a previous 8-month period. During both periods, PCR testing was done at the beginning and end of the period, upon development of symptoms or a positive antibody test, after holidays, and, for doctors, every two weeks. The natural infections were up to 8 months old while the vaccinations were on average two months old. The infection rate among those with no immunity was 9.5%, and among vaccinated was 1.5%. Natural immunity looked better or worse than vaccination depending on what method of PCR testing was used. If they tested a single gene, the reinfection rate was 3%. But if they tested multiple genes, which is more reliable, the reinfection rate was less than 1%. Overall this study is not very good for forming conclusions, but older natural infection looks comparable to more recent vaccination.

These studies have the advantage of being done in real-world scenarios outside the control of the vaccine manufacturers. They all suggest that an older case of natural immunity is equal to or substantially better than a more recent vaccination, and they conflict as to whether adding a vaccination will make natural immunity even better.

A Study Covering the Whole of Israel

By far the largest study is a preprint* covering the entire country of Israel from June 1, 2020 to March 20, 2021. This covers the period when the alpha variant was dominant, when Pfizer was the exclusive vaccine used. PCR testing was free and generally ordered because someone was sick or was exposed to someone who was sick. Previous infections were 2-10 months old, and vaccinations were 0-3 months old. The more recent vaccination was 93% effective against infection, 94% against hospitalization, 94% against severe illness, and 94% against death. Older cases of natural immunity were 95% effective against infection, 94% against hospitalization, and 96% against severe illness.

Since only one single person in the entire country died of a second infection,
the stats couldn't be done on natural immunity and death.

In by far the largest study, old natural immunity is shown to be equivalent to recent vaccination.

The Two Time-Matched Delta Studies

Two preprints* cover the time period when delta became dominant, which is important because delta may evade immunity from spike protein-based vaccines more effectively than natural immunity. These are also the only two studies in the entire batch that compare vaccinations and natural infections that happened at the same time. This is critical, because immunity of any type can wane over time, so we only appreciate the relative strength of each when they are equally fresh.

One was done in Israel, and the other in the United States. On the whole, the US study was designed to replicate the Israeli study by covering the same time period, focusing on the delta variant, and matching people according to their demographics, risk factors, and when they got infected or vaccinated. In both cases, previous infections were drawn from electronic medical records. In Israel, it was from the second-largest HMO. In the US, it was from the Veterans Health Administration. The main differences between the two studies is that the patients in the US study were older (on average 62 instead of 33-36), and that Israel used Pfizer whereas the US study used a combination of Pfizer and Moderna.

In the Israeli study, natural infection offered 13-fold better protection against infection, 27-fold better protection against developing symptoms, and 8-fold better protection against hospitalization.

When the Israeli study used a group that was twice as big but not matched for the time of vaccination or infection, natural immunity was 6-fold more protective against infection and 6.7-fold more protective against hospitalization. No one in the Israeli study died.

At first glance, the US study appears to suggest the vaccines work better than natural immunity for people over 65, but not for younger people. For seniors, they offered 66% lower risk of infection and hospitalization and 95% lower risk of death. However, the study covered June through August of 2021, and delta didn't reach close to 100% of infections until July and August. By August, natural immunity had become equivalent to Moderna and superior to Pfizer.

Their figures are not well explained, but they appear to represent, first, the data adjusted for time of natural infection or vaccination, demographics and risk factors, and then the unadjusted data. In the first figure, natural immunity (green) becomes equivalent to Moderna (red) and superior to Pfizer (blue) by August. In the second figure with the unadjusted data, natural immunity becomes superior to both by mid-July, and widens its superiority by August.

Image

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Hybrid Immunity

Studies conflict on whether vaccination and natural immunity combined offer some superior advantage. The Israeli delta study suggested that the combination might cut the risk of infection in half compared to having just natural immunity alone (as if 27-fold better protection against being a symptomatic case wasn't enough!)

When they looked at people vaccinated after previous infection, which is most relevant to the question of whether someone who has been infected already should get vaccinated, this additional benefit was not statistically significant, but it looked like a 40% lower risk.

Similarly, in the Pfizer trial, adding vaccination on top of natural infection looked like it provided a 60% further drop in infection risk, but wasn't statistically significant.

CDC study (in MMWR, which is not peer-reviewed) done in Kentucky from May to June of this year found a statistically significant 43% lower risk of infection when vaccination was thrown on top of natural infection.

Conversely, a preprint* covering health care workers in India found that those with natural immunity prior to vaccination had an additional 74% reduction in risk of infection compared to those who were vaccinated and never infected.

Nevertheless, at least one study contradicts the hybrid immunity concept. As I noted above, in long-term care facilities in the UK there was no benefit of adding vaccination to natural infection. It's not just that it's not statistically significant. Supplementary table 5 shows that, with time from adding the vaccination, the relative risk compared to natural immunity alone swings up and down all over the place.

I also wonder about other types of hybrid immunity. For example, if we could know we have a certain amount of established immunity already, would relaxing our guard just a little get us more exposure to dead viral fragments on surfaces and to mini-boosts of exposure to the live virus that are below the minimum infectious dose? I realize that we need to learn a lot before we can define what is safe and what is dangerous here, but there seems to be a broad spectrum of hybrid immunity concepts that should be explored.

I also wonder whether vaccination after natural infection wouldn't narrow the immunity from a broader spectrum of targets more resilient to a rapidly changing variant landscape toward the original spike protein that is becoming less and less relevant to the COVID we face here and now as time goes on.

I can say nothing more except that hybrid immunity deserves much more study.

Conclusions

The only studies that make the vaccines look better than natural immunity are the vaccine trials, and a surface reading of the US delta study. Reading the US delta study carefully makes natural immunity begin to show its superiority as delta fully takes over. Every other study clearly shows that older natural immunity is equal to or superior to more recent vaccination. When natural infections and vaccinations occur at the same time in a fully delta-dominant environment, natural immunity appears to be superior. In the younger population of Israel it seems to be wildly superior to the Pfizer vaccine. In by far the largest study covering the entirety of Israel, old natural infection is every bit as good as recent vaccination against infection, symptomatic illness, and hospitalization.

The only reason we can't say that about death is because only one single person died of a second infection in the whole of Israel!

To answer the questions at the beginning:
Does someone with natural immunity need to get vaccinated to obtain equal immunity to the vaccinated around them?

  • Definitely not. Their immunity at worst is just as good.

Will they get even better immunity if they add vaccination?

  • They might, but the studies conflict.

Can I decide who to fire from their job, who to keep out of the gym, and who to keep out of the restaurant by considering people with natural immunity dangerous unless they've been vaccinated?

  • Definitely not! If anything is obvious pseudoscience, it is this.

These data show that simply having an antibody test or a previous PCR test is enough to show that, even when your infection is way older than someone else's vaccination, it is equal to or better in its protection. Not allowing a mere anti-nucleocapsid antibody test or any record of any positive PCR test to serve as equal proof of immunity to a vaccination card is scientifically unjustifiable.

Video With Q and A

91 minutes - interactive

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Footnote *

*  The term “preprint” is often used in these articles. Preprints are studies destined for peer-reviewed journals that have yet to be peer-reviewed. Because COVID-19 is such a rapidly evolving disease and peer-review takes so long, most of the information circulating about the disease comes from preprints.


VitaminDWiki

Natural immunity to SARS (at least 10 months SARS-2, 17 years SARS-1)
VitaminDWiki pages with VACCIN in the title (94 as of Oct 2021)

VACCINation,    VACCINations,    VACCINes,    VACCINe,    VACCINated, etc.
List is automatically updated

Items found: 119
Title Modified
Long-Haul COVID is a problem even if vaccinated (Veterans)– Nov 2021 24 Nov, 2021
Most Germans will be vaccinated, cured or dead of COVID in a few months (German Health Minister) - Nov 21, 2021 23 Nov, 2021
Most Germans will be vaccinated, cured or dead of COVID in a few months (German Health Minister) - Nov 21, 2021 23 Nov, 2021
3,900 deaths within 2 weeks of 2nd vaccination in Sweden - Nov 18, 2021 23 Nov, 2021
Pfizer trial vaccinated 22,000: 1 COVID death prevented, but 4 died of heart attacks - Nov 2021 23 Nov, 2021
Elderly vaccinated for COVID were 2X more likely to die of ischemic stroke (2930 vs 1180 deaths)– Nov 2021 22 Nov, 2021
Fully Vaccinated Are COVID 'Superspreaders,' says Inventor of mRNA Technology - Oct 13, 2021 20 Nov, 2021
Problems with vaccine use during a pandemic - Dr. Bossche interview with transcript - Nov 18, 2021 20 Nov, 2021
Vaccine definition by the CDC seems to now include Vitamin D - Sept 2021 17 Nov, 2021
Vaccination immunity is waning - Fauci - Nov 14, 2021 16 Nov, 2021
Shingles perhaps increased with COVID virus or vaccine - Nov 2021 16 Nov, 2021
Booster vaccination for all adults in CA, CO, AR - Nov 2021 16 Nov, 2021
Bill Gates admits COVID-19 vaccines don't stop viral transmission - Nov 5, 2021 14 Nov, 2021
COVID-19 Infection Rate Skyrockets in America’s Most Vaccinated State: Vermont - Nov 14, 2021 14 Nov, 2021
COVID, influenza, hepatitis B, measles, etc. vaccine responses vary with Vitamin D and its receptor 14 Nov, 2021
Vitamin D might augment COVID-19 vaccines – 5 papers as of Sept 2021 13 Nov, 2021
Booster vaccination for all adult in California - Nov 11, 2021 11 Nov, 2021
NIH (where Faucci works) to debate vaccine mandates - Dec 1, 2021 11 Nov, 2021
2X more male teens died than normal in England this summer (perhaps vaccination) - Oct 2021 10 Nov, 2021
Trump counties are 3X more likely die of COVID than Biden counties (vaccination, mask) - Nov 2021 10 Nov, 2021
Vaccine passports expire in 6 months in Israel, but not (yet) in the US - Oct 2021 09 Nov, 2021
Doctors want to prescribe alternative COVID treatments and not give vaccines needlessly - Summit Nov 6, 2021 06 Nov, 2021
COVID spread appears to not be stopped by vaccination, yet US wants to get all vaccinated by Jan – Nov 4, 2021 04 Nov, 2021
Increases in COVID-19 are unrelated to levels of vaccination - as of Sept 2021 04 Nov, 2021
Nursing home vaccinated against Influenza, 800 IU of vitamin D daily cut infection rate in half – small RCT Oct 2021 04 Nov, 2021
Vaccination effectiveness dropped from 83 percent to ZERO after 9 months (Sweden, preprint) – Oct 2021 29 Oct, 2021
Severe fatigue and headache in 4 pct of vaccinated, age 16-25 - Oct 2021 27 Oct, 2021
COVID Vaccination trial for kids: 11 red flags - Oct 25, 2021 26 Oct, 2021
COVID natural Immunity is most likely better than vaccination immunity- literature review by Masterjohn - Oct 2021 24 Oct, 2021
TB vaccinations increased vitamin D levels a year later – Jan 2012 20 Oct, 2021
Adverse reactions to 100 Pfizer booster vaccinations: 83 pain, 63 fatigue, 48 headache, etc. - Sept 2021 13 Oct, 2021
Dr. McCullough on COVID-19: vaccine problems, home treatment – video, slides, transcript – Oct 4, 2021 08 Oct, 2021
Pfizer vaccine half as effective as Moderna after 6 months (fading or Delta) - Mayo preprint Aug 2021 05 Oct, 2021
Long-haul, VAERS, Ivermectin, vaccines, etc. Drs. Seheult, Patrick: Video with table of contents - Sept 17, 2021 21 Sep, 2021
Vaccinations resulted in increased office visits for children 16 months later - Nov 2020 20 Sep, 2021
Standard COVID vaccines probably improved effectiveness if higher vitamin D– Sept 2021 15 Sep, 2021
Vaccines protect for: 10 years Tetanus, 3 years Typhoid, 6 month Influenza, unknown COVID – WSJ Sep 10, 2021 13 Sep, 2021
Vaccinated and Unvaccinated are just as infectious after catching COVID-Delta (UK study) - Aug 2021 21 Aug, 2021
Effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines might be increased by Vitamin D – Aug 2021 20 Aug, 2021
Vitamin D probably can both prevent Influenza and augment vaccine effectiveness – Aug 2018 18 Aug, 2021
Initial efficacy of vaccines against COVID-Delta - July 20, 2021 11 Aug, 2021
Pfizer Vaccine efficacy drops to 84 pcnt after 6 months (Delta not mentioned) - July 28, 2021 07 Aug, 2021
'A Few Mutations Away': The Threat of a Vaccine-Proof Variant - CDC July 27, 2021 07 Aug, 2021
Vaccines are plan A for COVID-19 Immunity (no plan B ) - Sept 11, 2020 01 Aug, 2021
Obese get less benefit from vaccines: influenza, hepatitis B, rabies and now COVID-19 - March 2021 01 Aug, 2021
A virus can mutate to avoid a vaccine, need more than vaccines to fight a virus – July 31, 2021 01 Aug, 2021
Warning - mass vaccinations typically create mutations that are vaccine resistant - July 29, 2021 31 Jul, 2021
Initial efficacy of 3 vaccines against COVID-19 variants - July 31, 2021 31 Jul, 2021
Vaccine effectiveness may drop to only 16% in 6 months if time between jabs was only 3 weeks – July 2021 30 Jul, 2021
More than 1 hour of daily sun improved influenza vaccine by 35 percent (Vitamin D helps again) – Oct 2019 28 Jul, 2021
J and J vaccination 67 percent efficacy against COVID-Delta (perhaps need Vitamin D) – July 23, 2021 23 Jul, 2021
Vitamin D, C, A, and E, as well as Iron, Se, and Zinc each augment vaccine response – July 2021 20 Jul, 2021
Similar number of US deaths were associated with vaccinations as COVID-19 infections in the previous week– July 12, 2021 19 Jul, 2021
How mass vaccination may lead to increased COVID-Delta 18 Jul, 2021
68 infants died in Italy 2009-2011 soon after vaccination, drop in US SIDS when vaccinations slowed due to COVID-19 – July 2021 08 Jul, 2021
Similar death rates for Vaccination and COVID-19 in Denmark (retracted) – June 2021 03 Jul, 2021
Similar death rate for Vaccination and COVID-19 study and video – June 24, 2021 28 Jun, 2021
Higher rate of serious Vaccination problems than COVID-19 deaths – June 24, 2021 25 Jun, 2021
More than enough evidence on the Yellow Card system to declare the COVID-19 vaccines unsafe for use in humans. - June 9, 2021 10 Jun, 2021
Emergency use of vaccine only if "No adequate, approved, and available alternative" (such as vitamin D)- May 2021 03 Jun, 2021
Problems with vaccine use during a pandemic - Dr. Bossche interview with transcript - April 22, 2021 28 May, 2021
COVID-19 cases increased in 26 countries soon after vaccinations - April, May 2021 27 May, 2021
Half of COVID-19 death rate differences explained by rates of elderly influenza vaccination and low vitamin D – April 2021 26 May, 2021
Country reliant on tourism vaccinated, but now 1 in 1,000 get COVID-19 daily - May 2021 08 May, 2021
Vaccine response improved by Vitamin D (Shingles in this case) – Jan 2021 06 May, 2021
COVID-19 vaccines look good in the short term, but probably not good for the long term 29 Apr, 2021
Vaccine trials excluded pregnancies, but it is OK to be vaccinated while pregnant 29 Apr, 2021
Risk of dying from AstraZeneca vaccine higher than of COVID-19 - Norway April 23, 2021 28 Apr, 2021
Vaccination publications in VitaminDWiki 28 Apr, 2021
Deaths during past decade: Measles Zero, Measles Vaccines 100 - Feb 2015 25 Apr, 2021
COVID vaccines may occasionaly cause functional neurologic disorders - April 2021 16 Apr, 2021
If ANY of these vaccination problems occur, the US will not accomplish herd immunity 15 Apr, 2021
COVID-19 vaccine adverse reactions reported 6X more often in Europe than in the US – March 29, 2021 03 Apr, 2021
Influenza Vaccination not benefited by lowish levels of vitamin D – meta-analysis March 2018 25 Mar, 2021
COVID-19 Vaccines compared: side effects, ingredients, etc. - March 2021 24 Mar, 2021
Vaccines Are Pushing Pathogens to Evolve – May 2018 23 Mar, 2021
COVID-19 vaccine – no compensation if the problem occurs after 1 year (new US law) – Feb 2021 13 Mar, 2021
Reasons why the virus might mutate and become immune to the COVID-19 vaccine – Nov 2020 11 Mar, 2021
Women have more problems with COVID-19 vaccines (perhaps due to lower vitamin D) – March 2021 08 Mar, 2021
Worrisome New Evidence That Vaccines Are Less Effective Against Variants - March 2021 08 Mar, 2021
329 COVID-19 vaccine deaths reported to CDC in a month – Jan 22, 2021 01 Feb, 2021
1170 vaccinations to prevent 1 severe COVID-19 case , vs 1.2 vaccinations to prevent 1 case of Measles 22 Jan, 2021
Herd immunity occurs only via vaccination - W.H.O. Oct 2020 15 Jan, 2021
Take 50,000 IU of Vitamin D weekly before and after COVID-19 vaccination 27 Dec, 2020
Why Vitamin D is better than the Flu Vaccine – Nov 2018 18 Dec, 2020
Vaccinated children had more chronic diseases - Sept 2018 17 Dec, 2020
Fight COVID-19 without drugs or vaccines, Vitamin D is the single most-studied way – Nov 2020 24 Nov, 2020
Many problems with Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine – Nov 9, 2020 09 Nov, 2020
Vaccination increased risk of getting (previous) Coronavirus infection by 1.36 X – Dept. of Defense Oct 2019 23 Sep, 2020
Perhaps the influenza vaccine will increase the risk of COVID-19 (it did by 2X in 2009 Coronavirus pandemic) 08 Sep, 2020
Off topic- Develop a vaccine instead of a drug, less costly and no chance of being sued 30 Jun, 2020
Towards a COVID-19 vaccine - France April 14,2020 21 Apr, 2020
Vaccine antibody generation not change with Vitamin D – 21 ng or 44ng – RCT Feb 2019 08 Jan, 2020
Vaccine antibody generation not change with Vitamin D – 21 ng or 44 ng – RCT Feb 2019 01 Jan, 2020
Flu vaccinations during pregnancy should NOT be the standard of care until tests show it is OK – Nov 2019 16 Nov, 2019
Appears that the CDC has shut down GreenMed email due to vaccination data – June 2019 20 Jun, 2019
Does a vaccine increase the risk of Autism – March 2019 17 Mar, 2019
Measles outbreak in California in 2015 – 1 in 3 was actually a Vaccine outbreak – March 2019 05 Mar, 2019
Vitamin D 10 x better than Flu Vaccine if you have very low vitamin D – Feb 2017 04 Feb, 2019
Dr. Coimbra interview covering Vitamin D, Magnesium, Folate, Vaccines - Oct 2018 24 Nov, 2018
Flu vaccine effectiveness and side effects 30 Sep, 2018
More US infants die in 1st day than in all other developed countries COMBINED (and US gives vaccine in first day) – May 2013 25 Sep, 2018
Autism 2.75 X more likely in Hib vaccines containing Mercury – May 2018 21 Sep, 2018
Influenza virus might be prevented and treated by Vitamin D, if no vaccination – Aug 2018 16 Aug, 2018
Vitamin D Effective in Preventing Flu if not vaccinated - June 2018 04 Jul, 2018
Autism and ADHD type disorders were 14X more likely in survey of extreme preterm vaccinated infants - April 2017 04 Jul, 2018
2017 Vaccine may prevent only 10 percent of influenza, Vitamin D prevents 70 percent 16 Feb, 2018
Off topic – Researchers find a hint of a link between flu vaccine and miscarriage (actually it was a 7 X increase) – Sept 2017 15 Sep, 2017
10X reactions to flu vaccine when vitamin D deficient 09 May, 2017
TB vaccinations greatly increased vitamin D – Feb 2011 27 Feb, 2017
Vaccinations might be improved with vitamin D booster – March 2015 09 Oct, 2016
Influenza virus vaccine for pregnant woman does not protect a fetus for very long – July 2016 01 Aug, 2016
Influenza virus vaccine for pregnant woman does not protect an infant for very long – July 2016 01 Aug, 2016
CDC: Influenza vaccinations not expected to work well this year (but vitamin D should) – Dec 2014 24 Mar, 2015
Perhaps Vitamin D can augment or replace some vaccines – March 2015 24 Mar, 2015
Vaccine vs vitamin D 23 Feb, 2015
Influenza vaccine meta-analysis found moderate protection – Lancet Oct 2011 16 Oct, 2014
Off topic: CDC deleted a 3X increase in black male autism due to vaccination – whistle blowing Aug 2014 26 Aug, 2014
Vaccine and 1000 IU of vitamin D started concurrently, vitamin D did not help – RCT Jan 2013 18 Jan, 2013

VitaminDWiki pages with Masterjohn in the title (16 as of Oct 2021)

List is automatically updated

Items found: 16
Title Modified
COVID natural Immunity is most likely better than vaccination immunity- literature review by Masterjohn - Oct 2021 24 Oct, 2021
High-dose Omega-3 fought COVID in 2 hospital trials (6x reduction in ICU, reduced time) – Masterjohn Oct 2021 14 Oct, 2021
Vitamin D and COVID, review of evidence, loading dose if less than 50 ng - Masterjohn Sept 2021 05 Sep, 2021
The Evolution of Diverse Vitamin D Requirements – Masterjohn video Aug 2016 18 Jan, 2017
Vitamin D is good, but must balance Vitamins A and K2 to prevent Calcification – Masterjohn Aug 2014 31 Dec, 2014
Interactions of Vitamins D, A, and K, should measure calcitriol, calcification – Masterjohn Aug 2013 28 Nov, 2014
Hypothesis – low vitamin D level may indicate Calcium deficiency – Masterjohn II Dec 2013 14 Jan, 2014
Synergism between Vitamin D, Vitamin K-2, and Vitamin A: Masterjohn – Sept 2013 03 Oct, 2013
Masterjohn on relationships between Vitamin A D and K – Dec 2010 03 Oct, 2013
Cholesterol, Vitamins D3 and K2, heart disease, sulfates, LDL, – Masterjohn Interview Jan 2013 30 Sep, 2013
Price and Masterjohn on Vitamin A Vitamin D and Vitamin K – 2010 26 Oct, 2012
Synergism between vitamin A and vitamin D – Masterjohn June 2010 26 Oct, 2012
Response by Masterjohn on vitamin A thwarting vitamin D – Mar 2010 26 Oct, 2012
Masterjohn on Tufts and vitamin A D and K April 2009 31 Oct, 2011
Latitude may not be too associated with vitamin D – Masterjohn Dec 2010 13 Mar, 2011
Vitamin D and latitude Masterjohn - Dec 2010 24 Dec, 2010

COVID-19 treated by Vitamin D - studies, reports, videos


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