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Breast Cancer reduced 20 percent by just 400 IU of vitamin D plus Calcium – 2011

Calcium and vitamin D supplements and health outcomes: a reanalysis of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) limited-access data set.

Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Oct;94(4):1144-9. Epub 2011 Aug 31.
Bolland MJ, Grey A, Gamble GD, Reid IR.
Department of Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. m.bolland at auckland.ac.nz

BACKGROUND: Frequent use of personal, nonprotocol calcium supplements obscured an adverse effect of coadministered calcium and vitamin D (CaD) on cardiovascular risk in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI).

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of the use of personal calcium or vitamin D supplements on other outcomes in the WHI CaD Study (WHI CaD) by using the WHI limited-access clinical trials data set.

DESIGN: The WHI CaD was a 7-y, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of CaD (1 g Ca/400 IU vitamin D daily) in 36,282 community-dwelling, postmenopausal women. The incidence of total cancer (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers), breast and colorectal cancers, hip and total fracture, and mortality was assessed by using Cox proportional hazards models.

RESULTS: In the WHI CaD, interactions between the use of either personal calcium or vitamin D supplements and CaD were found for

  • total,
  • breast, and
  • colorectal cancers

but not for fracture or mortality. In 15,646 women (43%) who were not taking personal calcium or vitamin D supplements at randomization, CaD significantly decreased the risk of total, breast, and invasive breast cancers by 14-20% and nonsignificantly reduced the risk of colorectal cancer by 17%. In women taking personal calcium or vitamin D supplements, CaD did not alter cancer risk (HR: 1.06-1.26).

CONCLUSIONS: For women in the WHI CaD who were not taking personal calcium or vitamin D supplements at randomization, CaD decreased the risk of total, breast, and colorectal cancers and did not change the risk of fractures or total mortality. The nonskeletal effects of CaD may be more important than the skeletal effects and should be considered when evaluating these supplements. The WHI CaD trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00000611.
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Note: the graphs show the difference for those taking Calcium and Vitamin D to those not taking any (at the start of the 9 year trial)

See also VitaminDWiki

See wikipage:http://www.vitamindwiki.com/tiki-index.php?page_id=931

Attached files

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1455 Bolland 2.jpg admin 15 Jul, 2012 14:55 18.24 Kb 1073
1454 Bolland WHI Breast Cancer.jpg admin 15 Jul, 2012 14:54 23.57 Kb 1231
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