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After Heart Failure Blacks are 45 percent more likely to re-enter the hospital in a month – Oct 2020

The socioeconomic revolving door of 30-day heart failure readmissions

  • “In a retrospective cohort study, Blacks had a 45% higher risk of 30-day readmission than Whites (P < .001) independent of cardiovascular risk factors, clinical history, comorbidities, type and location of hospital, and type of third-party payer coverage. The analysis included more than 30,000 patients with at least one HF hospitalization at centers in a major metropolitan health system.”

Items in both categories Cardiovascular and Dark Skin are listed here:


Overview Dark Skin and Vitamin D contains the following summary

FACT - - People with dark skins have more health problems and higher mortality rate than those with light skins
FACT - - People with dark skins have low levels of vitamin D
FACT - - People with light skins who have low vitamin D have health problems
OBSERVATION - - The health problems of whites with low level of vitamin D are similar to those with dark skins
CONCLUSION - - People with dark skins have more health problems due to low levels of vitamin D

African American Health Disparities are associated with low Vitamin D - Feb 2021

Low Vitamin D increases health problems - independent of skin color
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Blacks die more often than whites of many diseases (they have less vitamin D) – 2012 contains: summary

Cancer Facts & Figures for African Americans Cancer.org

  • “African Americans have the highest death rate and shortest survival of any racial and ethnic group in the US for most cancers”
  • Has a huge number of tables and charts, Note: Vitamin D is not mentioned

Leading Causes of Death as of March 2018

All Ages Death rateBlackWhiteRatio
Heart diseases 217 1711.27
Cancer 1991701.17
Cerebrovascular diseases51361.4
Diabetes 40 192.0

Rates per 100,000    Age adjusted   Non-Hispanic


Created by admin. Last Modification: Saturday October 10, 2020 02:04:01 GMT-0000 by admin. (Version 6)
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