High-Dose Vitamin D 3 Administration Is Associated With Increases in Hemoglobin Concentrations in Mechanically Ventilated Critically Ill Adults: A Pilot Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial
JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2018 Jan;42(1):87-94. doi: 10.1177/0148607116678197
Ellen M Smith 1, Jennifer L Jones 2, Jenny E Han 3, Jessica A Alvarez 1 2, John H Sloan 4, Robert J Konrad 4, Susu M Zughaier 5, Greg S Martin 3, Thomas R Ziegler 1 2, Vin Tangpricha 1 2 6
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Loading Dose of Vitamin D category has the following
see also Overview Loading of vitamin D Overview Toxicity of vitamin D
Injection category listing has
It appears that over 1 million Vitamin D loading doses have been taken
Doses ranged from 100,000 to 600,000 IU over a period of a day to a month
No reports of adverse reactions
Many studies report on the benefits resulting from loading doses
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Background: Anemia and vitamin D deficiency are highly prevalent in critical illness, and vitamin D status has been associated with hemoglobin concentrations in epidemiologic studies. We examined the effect of high-dose vitamin D therapy on hemoglobin and hepcidin concentrations in critically ill adults.
Materials and methods: Mechanically ventilated critically ill adults (N = 30) enrolled in a pilot double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of high-dose vitamin D3 (D3 ) were included in this analysis. Participants were randomized to receive placebo, 50,000 IU D3 , or 100,000 IU D3 daily for 5 days (totaling 250,000 IU D3 and 500,000 IU D3 , respectively). Blood was drawn weekly throughout hospitalization for up to 4 weeks. Linear mixed-effects models were used to assess change in hemoglobin and hepcidin concentrations by treatment group over time.
Results: At enrollment, >75% of participants in all groups had plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations <30 ng/mL, and >85% of participants across groups were anemic. In the 500,000-IU D3 group, hemoglobin concentrations increased significantly over time (Pgroup × time = .01) compared with placebo but did not change in the 250,000-IU D3 group (Pgroup × time = 0.59). Hepcidin concentrations decreased acutely in the 500,000-IU D3 group relative to placebo after 1 week (P = .007). Hepcidin did not change significantly in the 250,000-IU D3 group.
Conclusion: In these critically ill adults, treatment with 500,000 IU D3 was associated with increased hemoglobin concentrations over time and acutely reduced serum hepcidin concentrations. These findings suggest that high-dose vitamin D may improve iron metabolism in critical illness and should be confirmed in larger studies.
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