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1 in 18 kids in the Ancient Roman Empire had rickets (low Vitamin D) – Aug 2018

Children in Ancient Rome had Vitamin D deficiency, study says CNN

  • “But when the researchers studied 2,787 skeletons of children and adults in 18 Roman Empire cemeteries from northern England to southern Spain, they realized that a lack of vitamin D is a longstanding issue for Europeans.”
  • “Of the skeletons studied, the prevalence of rickets in children was 5.7%”
  • “. Residual rickets was found in 3.2% of adults.”

Perhaps indoors too much - Northern Climate or apartments in Rome

Note by VitaminDWiki: What they really found was that of the kids who died, 5.6% of them had rickets.
   Many of the other kids who did not die probably did not have rickets
Note: 3.2% of adults had residual rickets,
     perhaps rickets rate for all kids was 4% (between 5.6% and 3.2 %) = 1 in 25

Latitude, urbanization, age, and sex as risk factors for vitamin D deficiency disease in the Roman Empire
PDF is available free at Sci-Hub   10.1002/ajpa.23646

VitaminDWiki

Overview of Rickets and vitamin D contains the following summary

Vitamin D deficiency is the cause of most rickets
Rate of rickets is usually < 0.1% of births, unless dark skin or breastfed
Rate of rickets has greatly increased with the drop in vitamin D levels during the past 40 years
400 IU can prevent/treat most rickets (Turkey gave vitamin D to EVERY child)
More than 400 IU may be needed
A low serum level of vitamin D does not indicate rickets
Rate of rickets in some countries varies from 10% to 70% (typically poor health overall)
Rickets was identified 400 years ago and treatments were determined 100 years ago
Rickets is strongly associated with severe breathing problems (weak ribs)
Bowed legs is not the primary indication of rickets (3 other indications of rickets are seen more often)

Rickets category has 108 items

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